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Posts Category: Definitions

Trichiasis

What is Trichiasis? Trichiasis is a condition where normal hairs have grown inward towards center of the eye and rub on the cornea or the conjunctiva causing irritation. This may lead to ulceration of the cornea. Theses hairs are located in the medial canthus, where the two eyelids meet near the nose. What animals are affected? Dogs have a higher incidence rate over cats, particularly younger dogs. The breeds most commonly affected are pugs, shih-tzus, bulldogs, and lhasa apsos. Any…

What is KCS?

By Dr. Weinstein What is KCS? KCS (Keratoconjunctivitis sicca), also known as dry eye disease, is a condition where the cornea is inflamed due to insufficient tear production. The disease can cause corneal ulcers, scarring, and also pigmentation of the cornea. The cornea is the clear covering of the eye and it needs adequate tear production to keep the eye lubricated, to wash away foreign objects and bacteria, and also to distribute nutrients. Typically this disease has been seen more…

What are Corneal Ulcers?

By Dr. Weinstein What are corneal ulcers? A corneal ulcer is the disruption or loss of the corneal epithelium (the outer cells of the cornea). This condition is usually painful and may cause irritation to the conjunctiva as well. There are three forms of ulcers. The first, called superficial, affects only the outermost layers of the cornea, such as the epithelium. The second type, a shallow-moderate ulcer, can affect up to half of the stroma. The final type is a…

Lymphoma in Cats and Dogs

Lymphoma is the most common cancer in dogs. It is usually encountered in middle-aged to older dogs and cats but it can occur at almost any age. Both males and females can be affected. The most common sites for the development of lymphoma are the lymph nodes and often many are affected simultaneously. Other common sites in dogs for the disease include the mediastinum (within the chest), the abdominal organs (liver, spleen, kidneys, intestines), the central nervous system, and the…

Retinal Degeneration

What is retinal degeneration? The retina is the part of the eye that takes light and converts it into electrical nerve signals, which the brain interprets as vision. The retina has rods that interpret darkness and cones that interpret light and colors. When there is retinal degeneration, there is deterioration of these rods and cones. This disease can be inherited. The breeds that are most common are: Akitas, cocker spaniels, collies, Irish setters, Labradors, mini daschunds, mini schnauzers, poodles of…

Glaucoma

What is Glaucoma? The eye is a complex system of different compartments that perform different functions. The ciliary body is a compartment inside the eye whose job is to produce a fluid called aqueous humor. This fluid carries vital nutrients to different parts of the eye. As this fluid is produced it is also drained away. If there is an imbalance in the production and drainage of this fluid, increased pressure inside the eye can be formed, and this condition…

New Endolaser (ECP) Treatment for Canine Glaucoma

Endolaser Cyclophotocoagulation for Glaucoma By Dr Weinstein Glaucoma is a disease in which fluid builds within the eye, causing irreversible damage to the retina and optic nerve. Glaucoma is one of the most common causes of blindness in dogs and cats and is painful when not controlled. Surgical treatments for glaucoma include attempts to increase aqueous humor outflow or decrease aqueous humor production. In order to decrease production, destruction of the structure of the eye that produces fluid, called the…

Follicular Conjunctivitis

What is Follicular Conjunctivitis? Follicular conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is the moist, pink tissue that covers the front area of the eyeball and lines the lids. What are the symptoms? Dogs that have conjunctivitis often have discharge from the affected eye which can be either clear or a yellowish color. Often dogs will have excessive squinting and rubbing of the eye. The conjunctiva will also be red and irritated and usually swollen. What is the…

Keep Your Pet Safe: Summer Heat Tips

Nevadans are used to scorching temperatures in the summer, which is why it’s easy to forget that our furry friends aren’t as well adapted to the heat as we are. Follow these tips to keep your pet safe during the summer months. Take Your Pet to Your Vet for a Spring/Summer Checkup– The best way to make sure your pet is in good condition is to bring him or her to the vet for a late spring or early summer…